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Sudanese National ICH

 

Sudanese National ICH

Since Sudan ratified the Convention, the The National Council for Cultural Heritage and Promotion of National Languages has been entrusted with creating a National Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Sudan. Thanks to their unique qualities, each listed tradition contributes to cultural diversity beyond the nation’s borders and conveys the richness of Sudan’s living cultural heritage in an understandable manner.

Al Sa’fiyyāt - Knowledge and Skills related to the Palm Fronds Industry

Al Sa’fiyyāt - Knowledge and Skills related to the Palm Fronds Industry

Al Sa’fiyyāt are the products made from date and dom palm fronds The profession is one of the traditional handicrafts that are an essential part of fine and plastic art. It is one of the crafts that is more representative of people’s collective creativity and indicative of their identity.
Al Saqia - Water wheel pump

Al Saqia - Water wheel pump

The device consists of two wooden spur gears connected at right angles. They transmit the rotational movement from a tow animal to a vertical wheel with pails attached to a rope around its outer rim. Water is scooped from the bottom of a reservoir to the surface where it is emptied in the field when the pale is inverted.
Engraving on metals

Engraving on metals

Engraving on metals (gold, silver and copper) is the engraving of shapes and symbols on the surfaces of these metals. They are used for adornment by women and men, and in same time are linked to customs and traditions. Also They are having cultural connotations related to beliefs and rituals; in particular with ritual protection.

Dambari

Sudanese Pottery -Al Fukhār

Sudanese Pottery -Al Fukhār

Traditional craftsmanship skill by Shaping clay in different models and forms, to suit the daily needs and functions it is intended for
Nubian wrestling

Nubian wrestling

Wrestling is known locally as "the struggle" and it is one of the most important and popular sports for the people of the Nuba Mountains, in addition to being a folk heritage and an original social activity in the region. Their practice is linked to specific rituals, most of which are related to life cycle events. Nubian wrestling is similar to Japanese wrestling "sumo", although it differs in some details. It relies on lightness, agility, deceit, and uses hands without resorting to violence, as…
Nubian decoration house

Nubian decoration house

The decoration of Nubian homes is a women's work. The purpose of these decorations, besides the aesthetic dimension, is to protect the owners of the house from the evil eye. Special attention is given to the main entrance. The Nubian woman's love of adornment and beauty that stands behind her preoccupation with decoration.

Darfurian fermented food and drinks

The analogous stages for the development of food fermentations could be the gathering stage of fermented fruits and meats, the home fermentation of fruits and meats by simple storage at home, and finally, the domestication stage in which man interfered by manipulating various factors affecting the process of fermentation, such as the use of salt, spices and other additives to augment the flavour or even to direct the course of fermentation.
ALbaramka council

ALbaramka council

The Baramka council is a form of traditional and social practice that characterizes the Baqara (cowboy-grazing tribes) in Darfur and Kordofan, Western Sudan, where meetings are held specifically to drink tea in a ceremonial setting accompanied by singing and poetry that mostly glorify tea.

Hinna

Hilo Mur / Ᾱbre'

Hilo Mur / Ᾱbre'

The word Ᾱbre' refers to a traditional beverage composed of thin baked flakes made of white sorghum flour and macerated in water until they are sufficiently soft. Sugar is then added, and the mixture is taken whole. The quality of Ᾱbre' depends on how smooth the wet flakes become. Good Ᾱbre' almost passes down the throat unfelt. This vital quality measure is of concern to Ᾱbre' makers. They have a famous motto that says, "This is the drink that has embarrassed the guest."
SUDANESE JABANA

SUDANESE JABANA

Jabana or Qahwa is a hot drink prepared, served and consumed in a particular ritual practice that is part of the Sudanese cultural heritage. The main constituent of the drink is coffee, previously named Kafa. Jabana is popular in most of Sudan especially the East where it is the favorite drink for men, women and children.
Sufi dances and rituals

Sufi dances and rituals

A religious Procession held by followers and devotees of Sheikh Hamad Al-Nil, accompanied by musicians carrying traditional instruments.
 Jad’ an-Nar

Jad’ an-Nar

Jad’ an-Nar (or HAUKI), is a ritual cult practiced by members of the Berta tribe in the south of the Blue Nile, and is associated with the seasons of cultivation and harvest.
Sharifa Maryam Birthday

Sharifa Maryam Birthday

The festival held in Sinkat Town of eastern Sudan commemorates the memory of Al Sharifa Maryam Al Mirghania, known as the “Mother of the Poor” who was one of the most influential figures in modern history of the Beja communities of eastern Sudan.

Al Jirtiq

Jirtiq refers to a set of rituals applied on the bride and bridegroom during their wedding ceremony, and to a lesser degree as part of the traditional practices in the circumcision of boys. It is also practiced in some other social settings such as at the seventh month of pregnancy.
Sibr al Lūba

Sibr al Lūba

Sibr al Lūba is an annual ritual event arranged by a group of South Kurdufān Nuba, especially the Nimang community. Sibr al Lūba or the Kunjiqar festival celebrates the end of the harvest season, and is attended by all members of the group.

Shaiqia Songs - Al Tambur or ad-Dalaib songs

Tambur songs of the Shayqiyya group are a type of music performed with the Tambur stringed instrument and some drums such as the Dalluka and Shatam (hand-held drum). They follow a specific rhythm pattern called ad-Dalib.
Waza: the music, instruments, tradition

Waza: the music, instruments, tradition

the music and instruments, which consist of a group of flutes of different sizes and lengths of precisely calculated dimensions. Each of the fourteen plus instruments produces its distinctive sound. The device is made from a specific type of gourd, cultivated near houses to grow rectangular.
Al Misdār - Traditional poetry

Al Misdār - Traditional poetry

Al Misdār is a folk poetry created by male poets who belong to the nomadic pastoral groups that live in the semi-desert regions, in particular the Butāna of eastern Sudan.
“Zaft Almawlid” - The celebration of Prophet Mohammed's (PBUH) birthday

“Zaft Almawlid” - The celebration of Prophet Mohammed's (PBUH) birthday

Al Mawlid is Muslims celebration of Prophet Muhammad birthday, which was on Monday 22 April 571 (12 Rabi Awal). This annual celebration begins with al Zaffa (the procession) which marks the beginning of the Mawlid festival.
Al Toub - The national costume for Sudanese women

Al Toub - The national costume for Sudanese women

The toub is a special dress for women, especially married women. It is worn by women from different tribes and is distinguished by the diversity of its colors, shapes, and even the materials of its manufacture. It is a piece of cloth that is worn over what a woman wears from clothes, the length of the top is four and a half meters
Al Nakhla - The Date Palm Tree

Al Nakhla - The Date Palm Tree

The palm tree’s cultivation is spread in many countries, the most important of which are: Sudan, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Egypt, Bahrain, the Gulf countries, the Maghreb, the Levant and other countries of the world. The date palm was appreciated and mentioned in ancient times, and it is glorified by all religions. It is mentioned extensively in the Torah, Talmud, and Bible, and mentioned in the Qur’an
Arabic Calligraphy

Arabic Calligraphy

The art of Arabic calligraphy is a manual skill that is accomplished with the help of simple traditional tools such as the reed pen, and the black ink that is made from soot (housing or carbon that accumulates on the surface of the pots in which food is cooked), and other tools such as metal or wooden pens, and other materials such as colored inks are used. It has aesthetic value intended for its own sake. It is also practiced by academic and talented learners alike.